Hvar's Wildflowers and Plants in Winter

Mara of Go Hvar casts her artistic eye over Hvar's surprisingly abundant winter wildflowers.

Field marigold, December 2016 Field marigold, December 2016 Vivian Grisogono

In December, there are not so many flowers in bloom along the pathways of Hvar, but a few linger on from autumn because of the mild temperatures, while others are getting an early start on spring!  For this winter edition, I’ve expanded the scope to include seeds, fruits and leaves as they make quite the splash of colour on our walks!

Vine leaves - a lovely splash of colour in winter!

Here’s my winter reference table, with the usual health warning about my ability to identify plants correctly! So many can be very similar, especially the myriad varieties of small yellow flowers!! Click on the images for a bigger picture, and links go to wikipedia or plantea (Croatian) to find out more.


Arbutus

Arbutus
Strawberry tree
Planika
 
Arisarum vulgare
Arisarum vulgare
Friar’s cowl
Croatian not known
Bellis perennis
Bellis perennis
Common daisy (older name bruisewort)
Tratinčica
Calendula Arvenensis
Calendula arvensis
Field marigold
Neven (calendula officinalis)
Citrus sinensis
Citrus sinensis
Orange
Mandarina
Not a native species, but all kinds of citrus trees grow really well on Hvar!
Crocus biflorus
Crocus biflorus
Silvery crocus
Dvocvjetni Šafran
Diplotaxis Tenuifolium
Diplotaxis tenuifolia
Perennial wall-rocket
Uskolisni dvoredac
Erica
Erica manipuliflora
(Winter-flowering) heather
Primorski vrijes
Hippocrepus comosa
Hippocrepus comosa
Horseshoe vetch
Croatian not known
Iberis sempervirens
Iberis sempervirens
Evergreen candytuft
Vazdazelena ognjica
Ipomoea purpurea
Ipomoea purpurea
Purple Morning Glory
Ukrasni slak
Juniperus communis
Juniperus communis
Common juniper
Borovica / Smrča
Juniperus phoenicea
Juniperus phoenicea
Phoenician juniper / Arar
Gluhač / Gluha smrča
The Croatian name translates as deaf juniper, implying this is not the common version.
Leontodon
Leontodon
Hawkbit (not to be confused with dandelion)
Lotus corniculatus
Lotus corniculatus
Bird’s Foot Trefoil
Svinđuša
Opuntia
Opuntia
Opuntia / Prickly pear
Opuncija / indijska smokva
Introduced from the Americas
pinus-halipensis-aleppo-pine-cones
Pinus halepensis
Aleppo pine
Alepski bor
Pittosporum tobira
Pittosporum tobira
Mock orange
Pitospor
Import from Japan, China and the Far East
Holm oak
Quercus ilex
Holm oak
Hrast crnika / česmina
Rosemary
Rosmarinus officinalis
Rosemary
Ružmarin
Sedum
Sedum
Stonecrop
Bijeli žednjak
No flowers at this time of year, but very pretty amongst the rocks!
Bladder campion
Silene vulgaris
Bladder Campion
Pušina
Solanum nigrum
Solanum nigrum
Black nightshade
Crna pomoćnica
Taraxacum
Taraxacum
Dandelion
Maslačak
Vaccinium
Vaccinium myrtillus
Bilberry / blaeberry*
Borovnica **
Viburnum tinus
Viburnum tinus
Laurustinus
Lemprika
Yucca
Yucca
Yucca
Juka
Another import from the Americas

* Not a misprint, blaeberry is the Scots spelling (see https://sco.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blaeberry). Blueberries are from a related but specifically American plant. Bilberries or blaeberries are a European shrub/tree. Berries look and taste very similar apparently but I like to assume any bushes growing wild on Hvar are the native variety unless they're obvious imports! I have to admit this was actually news to me as I was researching the plants, but luckily Zdravko knew the difference.

** Of course the other thing we know about Borovnica is the very tasty liqueur that is made from them!  For a recipe in Croatian, click here.

© Marion Podolski 2017

You are here: Home health articles Nature Watch Hvar's Wildflowers and Plants in Winter

Eco Environment News feeds

  • Freedom-of-information data reveals threat of drought that would devastate wildlife, with government slow to act on water management

    A quarter of England’s rivers are at risk of running dry, with devastating consequences for wildlife, according to data obtained by WWF under freedom of information rules.

    Fish are most obviously affected when rivers slow to a trickle, particularly those that migrate upstream such as salmon, trout, eels and lampreys. But animals such as water voles are also harmed, as they are unable to escape predators by fleeing into rivers to reach underwater entrances to their burrows. Birds such as kingfishers, sandpipers and dippers also suffer, as the insects and small fish they feed on die out.

    Continue reading...

  • Mayor of London wants urgent meeting with new environment secretary to press for action on toxic air quality

    The mayor of London, Sadiq Khan, has requested an urgent meeting with the new environment secretary, Michael Gove, to urge him to get a grip on Britain’s “life and death” air pollution crisis.

    This week, Khan activated the capital’s emergency alert system after experts warned toxic air in the capital had reached dangerous levels. Large parts of southern England and Wales were also affected on Wednesday.

    Continue reading...

  • Global warming will not affect everyone equally. Here we look at seven key regions to see how each is tackling the consequences of climate change

    It could have been the edge of the Sahara or even Death Valley, but it was the remains of a large orchard in the hills above the city of Murcia in southern Spain last year. The soil had broken down into fine white, lifeless sand, and a landscape of rock and dying orange and lemon trees stretched into the distance.

    A long drought, the second in a few years, had devastated the harvest after city authorities had restricted water supplies and farmers were protesting in the street. It was a foretaste of what may happen if temperatures in the Mediterranean basin continue to rise and desertification grows.

    Continue reading...

  • Bison, bluebells, bumble bees and beavers are among this week’s pick of images from the natural world

    Continue reading...

  • Six new vehicles including Land Rover and Suzuki are adding to air pollution crisis, despite stricter rules coming in months

    The latest diesel car models are failing to meet pollution limits when on the road, just three months ahead of stricter new tests, independent tests have found. Results show that none of six new 2017 diesel cars met the EU standard for toxic nitrogen oxides (NOx) pollution in real-world driving.

    The updated Equa Index, produced by the testing firm Emissions Analytics, shows that 86% of all diesel models put on to the British market since the 2015 Volkswagen emissions scandal failed to meet the official limit on the road, with 15% producing at least eight times more NOx emissions.

    Continue reading...

  • Nearly everyone other than science-denying Republican Party leaders understands the importance of a carbon pollution tax

    What do ExxonMobil, Stephen Hawking, the Nature Conservancy, and Ronald Reagan’s Secretary of Treasury and Chief of Staff have in common? All have signed on as founding members to the Climate Leadership Council, which has met with the White House to propose a revenue-neutral carbon tax policy.

    The group started with impeccable conservative credentials, bringing on cabinet members from the last three Republican presidential administrations (Ronald Reagan, George HW Bush, and George W Bush): two former Secretaries of State, two former Secretaries of Treasury, and two former chairmen of the President’s Council of Economic Advisors. It was founded by Ted Halstead, who explained the group’s proposed policy in a TED talk:

    Continue reading...

  • Although fracturing and surface melting on the Larsen C ice shelf might sound like indicators of climate change, these processes are natural

    Antarctica boasts a great many superlatives: it is the driest continent, the coldest, the remotest, the windiest and the highest on average. Right now, during midwinter, it is also the darkest. As a rift on the continent’s Larsen C ice shelf lengthens and gets closer to the ice front, we are anticipating the detachment of a large tabular iceberg within the next few weeks.

    This comes after observations of a waterfall on another ice shelf last summer, reports of extensive surface melting on several ice shelves and, in a report last week, indications of a widespread surface-melting event, which included rainfall as far as 82° south, during the 2015-16 El Niño. Are glaciologists shocked by any of this? Is Antarctica going to melt away? Is Larsen C about to collapse?

    Continue reading...

  • Damning report says nuclear project is bad for UK consumers and governments failed to assess alternative finance models

    Generations of British consumers have been locked into a “risky and expensive” project by the UK’s subsidy deal for a new nuclear power station at Hinkley Point in Somerset, according to a damning report by the spending watchdog.

    The National Audit Office said the contract sealed by ministers last September with EDF to construct the country’s first new atomic reactors in two decades would provide “uncertain strategic and economic benefits”.

    Continue reading...

  • A 20% shortfall in migrant workers relied on to pick fruit and vegetables is blamed on Brexit making the UK seem ‘xenophobic’

    Farms have been hit with a shortage of the migrant workers that Britain relies on to bring in the fruit and vegetable harvests, according to a series of new reports.

    There was a 17% shortfall in May, leaving some farms critically short of pickers, according to a new National Farmers Union (NFU) survey. The decline is blamed on Brexit, with the vote to depart the EU leaving the UK seen as “xenophobic” and “racist” by overseas workers, according to the director of a major agricultural recruitment company.

    Continue reading...

  • Deforestation in the Amazon is increasing amid cuts to protection, putting Norway’s financial aid in jeopardy, says minister

    Norway has issued a blunt threat to Brazil that if rising deforestation in the Amazon rainforest is not reversed, its billion-dollar financial assistance will fall to zero. The leaders of the two nations meet in Oslo on Friday.

    The oil-rich Scandinavian nation has provided $1.1bn to Brazil’s Amazon fund since 2008, tied to reductions in the rate of deforestation in the world’s greatest rainforest. The destruction of forests by timber and farming industries is a major contributor to the carbon emissions that drive climate change and Norway views protecting the Amazon as vital for the whole world.

    Continue reading...

Eco Health News feeds

Eco Nature News feeds